For nearly a month, a gaggle representing farmers from across India aren’t on their fields but on the streets, surrounding the country’s capital , Delhi, to fight for his or her ‘survival’.
India’s BJP-led government recently passed three farm laws, which the govt claims will help reform the agriculture sector. The three farm laws, consistent with the govt , will help in bringing private investment to the farm sector, help the farmers sell their produce to anyone they want to and loosen the hold of APMC ‘mandis’.
However, the protesting farmers believe the laws are meant to dilute the MSP regime, which successively will end in reduced crop prices. The farmers also are against many other ‘reforms’ the laws propose to bring.
The central government on the opposite hand is of the opinion that the farmers are being misled by vested interests and opposition parties. Farmers want all the laws to be repealed while the govt is trying to seek out a middle ground through negotiations.
As the country’s focus goes back to a sector that involves nearly half India’s workforce and contributes nearly 16% to India’s GDP, we tell you what Kisan Diwas is and why it’s celebrated.
Kisan Diwas 2020
Kisan Diwas 2020 or the National Farmers’ Day 2020 may be a day to celebrate the ‘annadata’ of the country. India has always been considered as an agriculture-dominated country. an upscale and resourceful land made it possible for Indians to adopt farming. But poor planning, factors associated with population and government’s specialise in other industrial sectors made farming unattractive. within the 1960’s, the revolution helped make farming attractive again, especially for the farmers within the northern region.
However, despite farmers being a robust political base, the world saw reduced income and its contribution to GDP fell from 54% within the 1950s to just about 16% now as other sectors saw an increase in GDP contribution with a limited workforce.
Chaudhary Charan Singh, who was the prime minister of India for a brief period between 1979 and 1980, is taken into account to be one among the tallest farmers’ leaders. During his time in office because the PM and also because the agriculture minister, he brought many farmer-friendly initiatives and schemes, which benefited the farmers. In his honour, his birthday, which falls on December 23, was chosen because the day to celebrate farmers’ day or Kisan Diwas. Singh was born in 1902 in Meerut. He was from a peasant family and believed within the slogan ‘Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan’, given by former PM Lal Bahadur Shashtri.
India is self-sufficient now with the assistance of increased food production. However, government’s efforts to spice up privatisation have worried the farmers of the country who are battling reduced income over the years, leading to poverty and suicides. It’s time the country listens to them.