National Mathematics Day 2020 today: know why India celebrates December 22

Srinivasa Ramanujan
Srinivasa Ramanujan

22 December may be a big day for mathematics. today is observed as National Mathematics Day to celebrate the achievements of Srinivasa Ramanujan. The legendary mathematician was born on today in 1887. In 2012, then prime minister Manmohan Singh declared 22 December as National Mathematics Day.

Ramanujan was born in Tamil Nadu’s Erode to an orthodox Tamil Iyengar family. From his school days, he was an excellent student and after securing good marks altogether the themes , he entered lyceum , where his love and interest in mathematics began.

Students of his age wont to juggle with algebra, trigonometry and arithmetic problems but Ramanujan found theorems to unravel tricky trigonometric problems. When he was 17, he got a scholarship to review at Government Arts College in Kumbakonam. However, his obsession with mathematics was so strong that he failed in most of the opposite subjects, thereby losing his scholarship.

With no degree and barely having any money, Ramanujan started tutoring students for mathematics for a living. He gradually got a short lived job within the Madras Accountant General’s office. Side by side, he began to build up his network with a number of the highest mathematicians in South India that helped him sustain his lifestyle in Chennai. He also started contributing to the Journal of the Indian Mathematical Society.

In 1913, his career saw a serious twist when his 10-page letter with statements of theorems on infinite series, improper integrals, continued fractions, and number theory reached professor GH Hardy. Impressed by his ability, Hardy invited Ramanujan to the University of Cambridge.

Ramanujan was 26-year-old when he received Cambridge and built an excellent partnership with Hardy. During his stay in England, Ramanujan was awarded a BSc (later renamed PhD) and made the youngest Fellow of Royal Society .

In his lifetime, Ramanujan compiled quite 3,000 results on equations and identities, many of which were posthumously proven right. Ramanujan returned to India in 1919 after war I but thanks to his poor health, he died of tuberculosis on 26 April 1920.

Ramanujan was also referred to as the “man who knew infinity”. He made in-depth analysis to unravel mathematical problems and equations using new ideas and ideas .

Among his other achievements, Ramanujan was also among the youngest members of Britain’s Royal Society . He became the primary Indian to be elected a Fellow of Trinity College.

The theories by Ramanujan transformed 20th-century mathematics and still shape the topic within the present century.

On National Mathematics Day 2020, variety of political leaders took to Twitter to pay tribute to Srinivasa Ramanujan.

Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu wrote that Ramanujan’s ground-breaking add the sector of mathematics will always remain an idea to everyone.


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